On September 30, 2019 Statistics Canada published its annual report on demography “Canada’s population estimates: Age and sex, July 1, 2019.”
Here are the highlights of the report:
- Canada’s population was estimated at 37,589,262 on July 1, 2019, up 531,497 compared with July 1, 2018.
- Canada posts the largest annual population increase in numbers.
- Canada’s population growth rate is the highest among G7 countries.
- Canada’s sustained population growth is driven mostly (82.2%) by the arrival of a large number of immigrants and non-permanent residents.
- Canada admitted 313,580 immigrants in 2018/2019, one of the highest levels in Canadian history.
- In 2015/2016, Canada received 323,192 permanent immigrants, including nearly 30,000 Syrian refugees.
- The number of non-permanent residents rose by 171,536 in 2018/2019, the largest increase in the country’s history. While also fuelled by rapid growth in asylum claimants, this gain was mainly led by an increase in the number of work and study permit holders.
- In 2018/2019, Quebec (+1.2%) saw its largest population increase in 30 years, while Ontario (+1.7%) recorded one of the highest growth rates for the same period.
- Alberta’s population growth (+1.6%) accelerated for a second consecutive year, owing in part to interprovincial migration exchanges, which were positive after three consecutive years of losses.
- On July 1, 2019, the Canadian population included 6,592,611 seniors. Of this number, which is increasing quickly, more than one in two people (51.1%) were born during the baby boom (1946 to 1965).
- On July 1, 2019, Canada had 10,795 centenarians, topping 10,000 for the first time.
- The Prairie provinces and the territories have the youngest populations.